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(1) which agency or agencies will be responsible for approving/reviewing your nusoy ht seed: (a) before commercial introduction, and (b) after approval for commercialization/sale.

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QUIZ 2: Commercially introduced in the United States in 1996, major GE crops have been rapidly adopted. Planting of GE crops (measured in acres) increased by 68 percent between 2000 and 2005 and grew by 45 percent between 2005 and 2013. Three crops (corn, cotton, and soybeans) make up the bulk of U.S. acres planted to GE crops, mostly for herbicide tolerance (HT) and insect resistance (Bt). Including varieties with HT and/or Bt traits, GE crops accounted for 90 percent of all planted cotton acres, 93 percent of soybean acres, and 90 percent of corn acres in 2013 (U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), Economic Research Service, 2013). Herbicide-tolerant (HT) crops have traits that allow them to tolerate more effective herbicides, such as glyphosate, helping adopters control pervasive weeds more effectively. U.S. farmers used HT soybeans on 93 percent of all planted soybean acres in 2013. QUESTION: Your company, NuGrow, has developed a novel HT gene containing soybean seed and wants to conduct three field studies for the new gene plus different promoters to see which one work best. You are leading the regulatory strategy team and have been asked to describe the path to approval and sale. Please discuss the following: (1) Which agency or agencies will be responsible for approving/reviewing your NuSoy HT seed: (a) before commercial introduction, and (b) after approval for commercialization/sale. Specifically cite any relevant Federal Statutes and standards that must be met (HINT: I would consult and cite the Coordinated Framework to start!), and (2) Provide an analysis of the potential risks you see with going before a particular agency (agency expertise, complexity of rules, history etc.) under the particular regulations identified. Two typed pages, 12pt font, and proper citation. Sources: Fernandez-Cornejo, J., and S. Wechsler. 2012. “Revisiting the Impact of Bt Corn Adoption by U.S. Farmers,” Agricultural and Resource Economics Review 41(3)(Dec.):377-390. Hedrick, P.W. 2000. Genetics of Populations. 2nd ed., Jones and Bartlett Publishers: Sudbury, MA. Tabashnik, B.E., A.J. Gassman, D.W. Crowder, and Y. Carrière. 2008.“Insect Resistance to Bt Crops: Evidence Versus Theory,” Nature Biotechnology 26(2):199-202.

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