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Does being calm, cool and collected yield any substantive moral knowledge that is not known when we are angry or agitated?

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The essay, like all assignments in this course, must be completely authored and edited by the student themselves. By staying enrolled in this course, students agree not to use essay writing services or essay editing services. A failure to abide by these constraints constitutes a violation of academic honesty requirements. Pass/fail assignments that appear to be professionally edited may receive a 0, graded assignments that seem professionally edited may receive a 20% penalty, or the student may be required to submit to an oral examination to prove that they are the author and editor of the submission All papers must be double spaced, four pages in length. Papers are to be written in 12 point font with one inch margins on 8.5 by 11 inch pages. All scholarly references must be formatted according to the scholarly conventions (see our Moodle site for more information on this). The opinions of authors that are cited must be accompanied by the appropriate page number references. An extra page should be added for the bibliography. No endnotes please: in-text citations only. Every essay should have a separate title-page that states the (a) title, (b) course, (c) student particulars along with (c) the instructor’s name, (d) the TA’s name (in cases where the course has a TA), and (e) the essay question reprinted verbatim. I or your TA do not want to be in a position to have to guess which essay question you are responding to. Title pages that exclude this information, or essays submitted without title pages, may be docked 5% from the final grade (that is, assuming that from the essay itself we can discern which topic you chose to write on). Wrong paper submissions requiring the old submission to be replaced by a new submission will earn a 2% penalty, in addition to any applicable late penalties. Late papers may be penalized 5% per day. Essays without bibliographies or proper citation may be docked 10% or the percentage equivalent of improperly included material. Essays over four pages in length (excluding the title page and the bibliography) may be docked 5% per extra page, or the extra pages may not be read: which measure is adopted is up to the discretion of your grader. Essays that rely extensively on class notes or secondary material or do not provide proper primary text references may be docked 10%. (Proper citation ought to provide page number locations for cited ideas or texts. Citing the whole article will often not be specific enough, unless it is an internet source with no page numbers, in which case referring to the source without the page numbers will suffice. Internet sources must be properly cited with in-text citations and the appropriate entry in the bibliography that states the URL. All wording used from other sources must be in quotations with references provided.) Essay Composition Rule. When writing your essay, do not copy material from other sources without putting the words in quotations and also copying the reference information—even when making your notes for a paper. Any material that is copied from another source and makes it into your essay without giving proper credit constitutes plagiarism. Proper credit consists in putting quotation marks around borrowed wording while citing the author, or citing an author if you are using their ideas. Even if you change the wording of the quote, you ought to give credit to the original author. Failure to give credit to the original author while changing the wording also constitutes plagiarism. Plagiarism is a type of theft and deception: theft and deception do not go along with learning and personal accomplishment. Aside from any penalty imposed for plagiarism, papers that violate the essay composition instruction may be docked 5%. Papers that violate the essay composition rule may not be pulled for resubmission at the request of the student. Please structure your paper with the following headings: (1) Introduction, (2) Explication, (3) Main Argument, (4) Response to Objections, (5) Conclusion. Essays without these headings are harder to read. Your grader has the right to give a paper without headings a grade of C or lower if he or she cannot make out the paper’s argument structure. Rendering the argument structure clear is the student’s responsibility. Please make sure you understand what an argument is, before writing and submitting your paper. Main Argument sections that present the argument in standard form are best. (If you do not know what that is, ask Dr. Ranganathan.) This is not compulsory, however failure to do so may result in a poorly presented argument, which impacts the grade you can expect. PLEASE PICK ONE OF THE QUESTION HERE BELOW AND WRITE THE ESSAY 1. Critically evaluate a Yoga account of moral standing in contrast to a deontological and consequentialist account. Which is better and why? 2. Compare and contrast how Mackie and Sher deal with the contingency of our moral convictions. Do the considerations that Sher raises support Mackie’s Error Theory, or are epistemological issues logically independent of Mackie’s thesis. 3. Compare and contrast Smith’s and Shafer-Landau’s account of moral realism. Does Smith’s proposal count as a form of moral realism according to Shafer-Landau’s definition? If it does not, is Smith’s proposal a plausible proposal that shows that ethical questions are not philosophical in nature, but rather questions best settled by some social science? 4. Shelly Kagan argues that moral intuitions are not capable of being the foundations for plausible ethical theories. Can one make a case for an ethical theory that does not involve appealing to intuitions? If so, what are the supposed facts and constraints that would help us see the plausibility of the theory? How would Kagan respond to the proposal? 5. Compare and contrast two substantive ethical theories (such as Virtue Theory or Contractarianism): which of the two is better, and why? 6. According to Smith, moral facts are about what we would desire when we are calm, cool and collected. Does being calm, cool and collected yield any substantive moral knowledge that is not known when we are angry or agitated? If so, why? If not, why? 7. On most accounts of Consequentialism, animals have moral standing. Are there any Deontological arguments for the standing of animals that are better than Consequentialist arguments? If so, why? If not, why? I WILL ATTACH/ UPLOAD THE READINGS FILES SOMETIMES LATER

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